Helmets for all Seasons
Head injuries are serious. They can have life changing impacts on the lives of children, youth and their families. Wearing a helmet can prevent 70-90% of head injuries. Helmets should fit snugly. Follow the directions on the helmet package for the best fit.
Children’s head sizes change a lot as they grow, so helmets need to be adjusted or replaced as needed.
Don’t buy a large helmet for your kids to grow in to. Helmets that are too big will not fit and will not protect your child.
- You can pass a helmet down to younger children in your family. Bike helmets can only be passed down if they have not been in a crash.
- Replace helmets after 5 years, or after a crash.
- When at the playground, have children remove helmets to play on equipment. The helmet or straps could get caught on a play structure and strangle your child.
In Ontario, children and youth under 18 must wear a helmet when cycling, it’s the law. Bike helmets are ‘crash’ helmets; they aremade to protect against one hard fall (single impact).
- Replace bike helmets after a crash.
- Choose the correct size.
- Get a good fit. Use the foam pads that come with the helmet to make sure that the helmet does not move on your child’s head. Some helmets have an inner ‘basket’ that can be tightened, making it easier to get a good fit.
- Use only a bike helmet for cycling, and make sure it’s certified by CSA, CPSC, ASTM, or Snell.
- Let your child wear a hat under the helmet. Wearing a hat makes it hard to get a good fit, so the helmet won’t protect the head as well as it should.
A bike helmet fits correctly when:
- It sits squarely on the head with the front of the helmet low on the brow (within 2 finger widths of the eyebrows - about 2cm)
- The padding gives a firm, uniform pressure all around the head.
- The front and rear straps form a "Y" just below the ears.
- All straps are done up snugly…only 1 finger should fit between the chin strap and the chin.
Product Standards Associations at a glance…
- Product AS: Australian Standard
- ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials
- BS: British Standard
- CPSC: Consumer Products Safety Commission (US)
- CSA: Canadian Standards Association
- DOT: Department of Transportation (US)
- EN: European Standard
- Snell Memorial Foundation
All Terrain Vehicles (ATVs)
Children under the age of 16 do not have the physical ability or judgement to operate ATVs, and they should not be allowed on them. For youth aged 16 or over, use a motorcycle/ATV helmet that is CSA, DOT, Snell or ANSI certified. These helmets can withstand impacts at high speed.
Alpine (downhill) Skiing and Snowboarding
Use a ski helmet that has been certified by Snell, ASTM, EN or CSA. Wearing a thin, fleece cap under a ski helmet is OK.
Hockey helmets are designed for multiple impacts. Hockey Canada requires that all minor hockey players wear a helmet with an attached visor or cage to protect the face. The CSA mark must be on both the helmet and face protector, usually on a sticker.
Have your child wear a bike helmet or an in-line skating helmet (these are available, but not always easy to find), which protects the back of the head from backward falls. For in-line skating helmets, look for certification from CPSC, CSA, ASTM or Snell.
Bike helmets can be worn for scootering.
A skateboarding helmet will protect against many, less forceful impacts. They cover more of the back of the head, protecting skaters when they fall backwards. Don’t use these for cycling - unless specified on the label. Skateboard helmets should have the ASTM F-1492 or Snell-94 approval.
Hockey helmets will protect skaters from head injuries.
As with ATVs, children and youth under 16 should not drive snowmobiles. Motorcycle, ATV or snowmobile helmets will provide good protection. Make sure the helmet is certified by CSA, Snell, DOT or ANSI.
Ski or hockey helmets can be worn to prevent head injuries while tobogganing. There is no specific tobogganing helmet on the market.
Want more info?
For injury prevention and recreational services visit City of Ottawa website http://ottawa.ca/en
Numbers to know
Questions about helmets? Give us a call! CHEO’s Injury Prevention Program, 613-737-5899